Types of Rubber and Basic Properties

Technical Specifications
Certified Compounds
Material Choice Guide to
Selecting Rubber Compounds
 BASIC PROPERTIES - ELASTOMERS

  Butyl
 
Abrasion Resistant: A material's ability to withstand scraping and wear caused by friction with another surface or material.
ABRASION RESISTANCE
Chemical Resistant: A material's ability to withstand deteriorating effects while being exposed to chemicals, lubricants, cleaning fluids, and other chemical products.
CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
COMPRESSION SET PROPERTIES
Electrical Resistant: A material's ability to restrict or insulate the flow of electricity.
ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES
Flame Resistant: A material's ability to resist or retard the spread of fire.
FLAME RESISTANCE
HEAT RESISTANCE
LOW TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES
Oil Resistant: A material's ability to withstand deteriorating effects to its physical properties by petroleum based oils.
OIL RESISTANCE
Weather Resistant: A material's ability to withstand exposure to ultraviolet light, humidity, temperature, rain, snow, wind, and other elements.
OZONE/WEATHERING RESISTANCE
PERMEABILITY TO GASES
PHYSICAL STRENGTH PROPERTIES
WATER RESISTANCE

Material Compatibility

Click below to download Material Selection - Fluid Compatibility Chart Radiation Stability of Selected
Medical Grade Polymers
Material Compatibility
Gamma Compatible Materials

Select a chemical name from the list. You may either use the search box
when open Adobe Acrobat or choose from the alphabetical fluid names.

Durometer

Durometer is the international standard for measuring the hardness of rubber, plastic, and most nonmetallic materials. The hardness of a material is its resistance to surface penetration. Harder materials have more wear resistance, but they are also less flexible. Note that an object may fall within more than one scale. For example, a typical shoe heel is 95 Shore OO, 70 Shore A, and 22 Shore D durometer.

Durometer Conversion Chart
Approximate Hardness Value (to be used as a guide)

*Durometer is the standard for hardness measurement of rubber, plastic, sponge & non-metallic material. ** Not commonly used.

AFLAS®

Aflas® or TFE/P is a member of a new generation of fluoroelastomers compounded especially to provide unique properties for specific applications. The primary uses for Aflas are in parts for oil drilling equipment. Aflas can be crosslinked (cured) using a variety of systems, but generally peroxides are used to provide the best all around environmental resistance. A unique property of TFE/P is, that at very low temperatures (down to -54 °C) it takes on leathery consistency and remains functional, unlike many other rubbers which can often become brittle and shatter at low temperatures.

BUTYL RUBBER
HYPALON RUBBER
EPICHLOROHYDRIN RUBBER
EPDM

FLUOROELASTOMER RUBBER

FLUOROSILICONE RUBBER

HYDROGENATED NITRILE RUBBER

NATURAL RUBBER
NITRILE RUBBER

PERFLUOROELASTOMER RUBBER

F13789 (P03)
Black Perfluoroelastomer
(FFKM) Product


KALREZ®

 

POLYACRYLIC RUBBER

CHLOROPRENE RUBBER

POLYURETHANE

SILICONE RUBBER

STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER